Music & Subculture - Bhagyashree Puranik

YP Buzz -

 Musical Instruments

  Veena
                                             
Veena

The Saraswati Veena is a musical instrument, named after the goddess of wisdom and arts, Saraswati. Usually, Goddess Saraswati is depicted with a veena. Traditionally Saraswati Veena is also known as Raghunatha Veena, which is the National Musical Instrument of India. It is famous in South Indian music. Vichitra Veena, Mohan Veena, Rudra Veena, Chitra Veena, etc. are the various types of Veena. A professional of the Veena is known as a Vainika. Veena is derived from a musical instrument known as old yazh, which is quite similar to musical instrument Grecian harp. In ancient writings, it is said that Narada was the creator of a seven-stringed instrument, known as Tanpura. The overall length of a Saraswati Veena is 4 feet. Veena is made of mainly three parts known as Kudam (large resonator), Dandi(tapering hollow-neck), and Yali( tuning box ). Sarawati Veena has a total number of 7-strings, out of which 4 are main strings and 3 are drone strings.


  Harmonium
                    
Harmonium

Sudhir vadya popularly known as the harmonium originated in British rule. Reed organ forced the revision of instrument via keyboards with use of keys and device that blows insufficient amount of air know as the bellow. Harmonium is an instrument where both the hands are engaged one used to play the keyboard while the other is busy to siphon air in. A wooden box is forming the surrounding for a standard harmonium while various components form the body primarily reeds, reed boards, keys, coupler switch, scale changer, and stops. 4 drones which are movable along with 39 keys on the keyboard snd 3 octaves are provided. Hindustani vocal misc, qawwali music classical misc, semiclassical music, and many other formats maximize the use of harmonium.

  Sarod


Sarod

Sarod is a famous Indian musical instrument whose structure is similar to the western lute. Among the supporters and experts of Hindustani old-style music Sarod is one of the most significant instruments. According to researchers the wellspring of the Sarod is by all accounts the Rebab(A string instrument which has its origin from Arab), a comparable instrument that is said to have started in Afghanistan and Kashmir. It is accepted that basically, sarod is bass Rebab. It is made of a solitary square of wood, with a resonator, a neck that tightens to a subsequent resonator box. Five strings give the primary tune a shifting number of sympathetic strings.


  Bansuri(Flute)

                                             

Flute

Bansuri has existed since ancient times. Bansuri is a very delicate instrument. Nearly all the sensitive elegance, loops, beautification, and shades of classical music can be performed flawlessly upon it. Bansuri is made from hollowed bamboo. There are 6 to 7 finger holes with one separate hole that is used to play bansuri by blowing air into it. The bansuri like woodwind is delineated in old Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain sanctuary artistic creations and reliefs, and is regular in the iconography of the Hindu god Krishna. It is personally connected to the love story of Krishna and Radha. The bansuri is revered as Lord Krishna's celestial instrument and is frequently connected with Krishna's Rasa Lila dance.


  Tabla

                                              

Tabla

Like most other Indian instruments, there are many interesting myths and legends about the starting point of the Tabla. Numerous creators refer to the thirteenth-century Sufi writer/artist Amir Khusrau as the designer of this instrument. The tabla is a couple of two little timpanis, called Dayan (or tabla) and Bayan. A shell that is shut at the base is common or both Dayan and Bayan. A multi-layered goatskin is used to cover the open top of Dayan and bayan. The Rawhide straps are used to fix these skins. A few layers of Shirai(Dark glue) which is made up of iron fillings and rice flour is applied onto skin, giving a distinguished pitch to tabla. Usually, the tabla is used in north Indian classical music. The tabla is used not only for group performance but also for solo performance. It is commonly used as an accompaniment for thumri and khayal music. The tabla can be performed using six techniques. These techniques are called Gharanas. Delhi, Punjab, Benares, Lucknow, Ajrara, and Farrukhabad is considered as the starting places of the Gharanas.


 Sitar       


Sitar

In Indian instruments, Sitar is one of the most well-known instruments. It is a stringed instrument that is performed by plucking the strings. In recent decades, it has gained importance not only in India but also in Western Countries. The origin of Sitar is unknown. It is believed that Sitar rolled in from Central Aisa. It is accepted that Sitar is derived from the lute family of temple sculptures of the 10th Century. Amir Khusrow, a Sufi Spiritualist, played a remarkable role in the evolution of the Sitar. Sitar comprises a large hemispherical base Tumba(Resonator) which is made out of an emptied and dried pumpkin(gourd), Dandi(long frame of wood), second small Tumba(Resonator), and Khunti(wooden Pegs). The number of strings in Sitar varies from the range of 16 to 24.


   Sarangi


Sarangi

The Sarangi is a bowed string instrument that is popular in the folk tradition of North India and Hindustani Classical music. Although exact data about the Sarangi is missing, it might have come to India from Central Asia as the bowed Rubab. According to History of words, the word Sarangi may have either been inferred from the Sanskrit word ‘Sarang’ which means ‘Kalankit-Harin’ (Spotted-deer) or from the Hindi word ’Sarang’ which means ‘Hundred Colours’. During the ascent of Khayal Gayaki, Sarangi made its way into Hindustani Classical Music. Before this, it was popularly used as a folk instrument. It was not only related to dancing girls and concubines but also with Thumri and Khayal music as a complementary instrument. The Sarangi is made out of a solitary emptied piece of wood. Sarangi has 3 principal strings, 1 brass drone, and 35 to 40 sympathetic strings. The human voice and Sarangi are said to accompany each other, as sarangi is the most efficient instrument due to the various ways of playing it.


Blog by - Bhagyashree Puranik (Instagram)

Thanks & Regards

 YP Buzz



Post a Comment

12 Comments

Have doubts, query, suggestion, request, etc go ahead